The Pentagram is portrayed by movies and books as a symbol that shows that vampires and friends of the devil are at work. Most people are conditioned to believe that the pentagram is synonymous with sexy young night stalkers or devil worshipers and the symbol has taken on the connotation of the embodiment of evil itself. Those in the community of earth based religions know that the truth is something different and that the Pentagram or Pentacle is a revered sign of energy and power. So if the Pentagram isn’t a mark of an evil fallen angel how do we find that there are so many references that portray it as such? We can look back into history and discover some simple truths around the many myths of the symbol.

First we should consider the five sided figure for what its simplicity defines. It is a geometric shape and like all such designs can be described mathematically. The Pentagram is unique in that it is a self-replicating design. A pentagram describes an interior pentagon which then can contain another pentagram and so on into infinity. The pentagram and pentagon are inextricably intertwined.

So how can this simple shape bring forth such images of power and fear? A look at the pattern as it has been used in the past shows us some surprising insights and perhaps some of the reasons for the way it is perceived.

The first known uses of the pentagram are found in Mesopotamian writings dating to about 3500 BC. The Hebrews saw it as a representation of the five books of Moses and even early Christians wore the symbol as a protective amulet. It came into use by the Greeks when the sage Pythagorus began to use it as a sign of protection. It’s hard to fathom how Pythagoras, living around the time of 500 B.C. could have had such an astute understanding of the nature of life and its mysteries. He is known to be the first man to call himself a philosopher and was considered a great mathematician and scientist. It is said that he traveled widely and studied at the great Egyptian learning centers of Memphis and Heliopolis. He gained a great following and eventually founded his own philosophical school at Croton in southern Italy. We owe him not only for the Pythagorean theory of Geometry but also for the theory of Harmonic Ratios upon which all western music is based. Modern computers are run on components designed after the Pythagoreum Theorum and the basis for an overwhelming majority of our music in everyday life is the sound of the perfect fifth designated by the ratio of the “evil” number,.666. Pythagoras is said to have used the five sided Pentagram as a symbol for his followers believing that it is one of natures’ favorite designs. So if this were true, would it not be a simple matter to find examples easily identifiable?

Modern science has shown us that life around us is built upon a combination of elements, substances which are basic components of the structure of matter. We are taught in education classes that elements can be classified in a periodic table according to their atomic weights. We have powerful scientific instruments such as the Electron Microscope which the ancients supposedly did not have and are thought to now have advanced knowledge. In the time of Pythagoras matter was seen as an order of geometric solids known later known as the Platonic solids. Named after the famous philosopher Plato they were depicted in the shapes of cubes, tetrahedrons and pentagonal three dimensional structures.

Through a microscope we can observe crystalline matter in the shape of a three dimensional pentagonal structure, an obvious example of one of these shapes. All life as we know it is based on the element carbon. All plants, animals, sea life and bacteria are carbon structures. A look at a basic carbon block shows us that it can be seen as a series of interlocking hexagons and pentagons, looking exactly like a modern soccer ball.

The five pointed structure is easily seen in observable nature. Leaves and flowers describe the symbol and sea creatures known as the Star fish and Pentagon crab mimic the design. One has to only look at the back of a common rose to see a perfect example of the Pentagram in nature. Is this then the work of the Devil? “So God created sea creatures and every living thing….” Genesis 1 v.21.

There is a more startling connection that reminds us of the ancient wisdom, “as above, so below”. Modern life surrounds us with a constant flow of sounds and images and we spend our lives following a social structure regulated by a clock. We live in or around brightly lit cities and largely ignore the true cycles of life until the changing of seasons brings about an important holiday. But mankind has struggled with the notion of time though through the centuries and different cultures have had to revise their calendars when their years became out of sync with the seasons. Most early civilizations used the moon as a way to keep time and relied on a lunar calendar to count the days. When deviations occurred an astrologer was consulted to correct the problem. The current Common Era Christian calendar was introduced by Pope Gregory XIII in 1582. Called the Gregorian Calendar it constituted a reform of the Julian Calendar brought into use by Julius Caesar in the first century B.C. Roman time had been marked with a Lunar calendar prior to this and was often chaotic. Sosigenes of Alexandria, a well known scientist and astrologer was consulted and he suggested that they should shift to the Egyptian method of using a solar calendar of 365 days plus an extra day every four years. The calendar was brought into use, however the method did not account for it being 11.25 minutes a year shorter so by 1582 the first day of spring was retarded by ten days. Pope Gregory’s reform brought this shortfall into proper alignment. At this time he also decreed that the New Year would now begin on January 1st. He was aided chiefly by neopolitan astrologer Luigi Ghiraldi in this effort.

So, how was the calendar brought into proper alignment? Though we can’t know for sure, there is information that leads many to believe the night sky holds the key.

By yanam49

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